science behind the solar eclipse

what exactly is the solar eclipse is how and why it happens and why is this solar eclipse is special. the reason is that today is the 21st of June which is considered as the longest day on earth and on this day is an annual solar eclipse


An annular solar eclipse will occur on June 21, 2020, and next year also

. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth


In simple it means it is the day in the year and a particular time when the alignment of sun and moon are same and  when we see it from it  appears that the moon covered the sun causing in the formation of a shape called eclipse

Greatest eclipse6:41:15 duration

Magnitude0.994

Max. width of band21 km (13 mi)

Gamma0.1209

NatureAnnular


image  and gif credit : NASA